The Culture of Ghana

Ghana’s culture is the life and history of its different tribal /ethnic groups.

The major ethnic groups are:

  •  Akan 50%
  • Mole-Dagbon 15.5%
  • Ewe 12%
  • Ga-Dangme 7.5%
  • Guan 4%
  • Gurma 4%
  • Gurunsi 2.5%
  • Mande-Busanga 1%
  • other tribes 1.5%
  • other (Hausa, Zabarema,Fulani) ) 2%

(2000 census)

Each Ethnic group is broken down into many different sub ethnic groups all with there own different language/ dialect and culture.

Education

Presently, Ghana has:

  • 18,530 primary schools
  • 8,850 junior secondary schools
  • 900 senior secondary schools
  • 28 training colleges
  • 20 technical institutions
  • 4 diploma-awarding institutions
  • 6 public universities and over 10 private universities.

Most Ghanaians have relatively easy access to primary and secondary education. These numbers can be contrasted with the single university and handful of secondary and primary schools that existed at the time of independence in 1957. Ghana’s spending on education has varied between 28 and 40 percent of its annual budget in the past decade. All teaching is done in English, Ghana’s official
language.

Languages and Dialects.

Within thoses ehtnic groups there are more than 250 languages and dialects are spoken. English is the country’s official language and predominates government, business, education ancd the media. Nine languages have the status of
government-sponsored languages:

  • Akan          (Ashanti, Fante, Akuapem, Akyem, Kwahu)
  • Dagaare/Waale     Spoken in Upper Western Region
  • Dangbe      Spoken in Greater Accra
  • Dagbane    Spoken in Northern Region
  • Ewe            Volta Region
  • Ga               Greater Accra Region
  • Gonja         Northern Region
  • Kasem         Upper Eastern Region
  • Nzema        Western Region
  • Hausa although not an official language, is spoken among Ghana’s Muslims, who comprise about 14% of the population.

    There are many non Government Sponcerned Languages:

  • Adele               Volta Region
  • Anufo/Chokosi   Northern Region
  • Buli                    Upper East Region – Sandema
  • Bimoba                Northern Region –  Bunkp urugu
  • Birifor                Upper East Region and Northern Region Bilema & Danvar
  • Bassari               Northern Region
  • Chumburung        Northern Region and Volta Region
  • Frara                 Upper East Region Bolgatanga
  • Gikyode/Akyode Volta Region – Shiare
  • Hanga                 Northern Region
  • Konkomba            Northern Region Saboba
  • Kusaal                 Upper East Region – Bawku
  • Kasem                  Upper East Region – Navrongo
  • Koma                  Upper East Region – Yipabongo
  • Buen/Lelem         Volta Region – Jasikan & Bodada
  • Mampruli            Northern Region -Nalerigu
  • Mo/Deg               Northern Region  – New Longoro & Bole Dist.
  • Naraanra            Banda Ahenkro
  • Nkonya                Volta Region – Akloba & Wurupong
  • Ntrubo/Delo     Volta Region – Pusupu
  • Nawuri                Northern Region –  Kitare
  • Sisaala               Upper Western Region – Tumu
  • Tampulma            Northern Region
  • Vagla                   Northern Region
  • Wali                     Upper Western Region

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