Thy body is a temple, don’t hit your drum, but play it.
Hands. Hitting will only sound like hitting. The hand drum strokes are quite precise and designed to let the drum speak in different ways. The bass is a relaxed bounce in the middle of the drum. The tone is a firm hand on the rim of the drum mainly from the elbow. While the slap is a flick of the wrist, throwing the fingers forward to bounce off or squeeze the skin.
If your not used to playing its always best to be gentle , learning each stroke on its own and slowly putting them together. Experienced plays with tough skin my strike the drum hard to produce a particular note, but if your not experienced just practice the different techniques and build them up slowly.
Bruising and bleeding is not good – change your teacher!